AFP Hasakeh, Syria
Fighting raged for a third day yesterday between the Islamic State (IS) group and Kurdish forces in Syria after IS attacked a prison housing religious militants, with the violence killing nearly 90 people, a monitor said.
The assault on Ghwayran prison in the northeastern city of Hasakeh is one of IS’s most significant since its “caliphate” was declared defeated in Syria nearly three years ago.
“At least 28 members of the Kurdish security forces, five civilians and 56 members of IS have been killed” in the violence, said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
IS launched the attack on Thursday night against the prison housing at least 3,500 suspected members of the militant group, including some of its leaders, the Observatory said.
The militants “seized weapons they found” in the detention centre and freed several fellow IS fighters, said the Britain-based monitor, which relies on sources inside war-torn Syria for its information.
Hundreds of militants had since been recaptured but dozens were still believed to be on the run, it added.
With air support from the US-led coalition, Kurdish security forces have encircled the prison and are battling to retake full control of surrounding neighbourhoods, which the militants have used as a launchpad for their attacks.
The Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said “fierce clashes” broke out in neighbourhoods north of Ghwayran, where it carried out raids and killed more than 20 IS fighters.
An AFP correspondent saw Kurdish fighters raiding homes in the flashpoint area near the jail in search of militants while coalition helicopters flew overhead.
In one location, Kurdish fighters gathered around five bloodied corpses of suspected IS fighters that had been placed along the roadside, the correspondent said.
The battles have triggered a civilian exodus from neighbourhoods around Ghwayran, with families fleeing for a third consecutive day in the harsh winter cold as Kurdish forces closed in on IS targets.
“Thousands have left their homes near the prison, fleeing to nearby areas where their relatives live,” Sheikhmous Ahmed, an official in the autonomous Kurdish administration, told AFP.
However, not all the displaced had a safe haven.
“We don’t know where we are going,” said Abu Anas, who was forced out of his home on Saturday.
“We have no one but God,” he told AFP as he fled on foot with his wife and four children.
IS has carried out persistent attacks against Kurdish and government targets in Syria since the rump of its once-sprawling proto-state was overrun in March 2019.
Most of them have targeted military outposts and oil installations in remote areas, but the Hasakeh prison break could mark a new phase in the group’s resurgence.
IS said in a statement released by its Amaq news agency that the attack on the jail aimed to “free the prisoners”.
An IS video released by Amaq on Saturday purported to show armed militants infiltrating the prison at the start of the operation.
They raised the group’s black flag as they stormed the facility and surrounded what appears to be a group of prison guards.
AFP could not independently verify the authenticity of the footage.
It was not immediately clear whether the prison break was part of a centrally co-ordinated operation – timed to coincide with an attack on a military base in neighbouring Iraq – or the action of a local IS cell.
Analyst Nicholas Heras of the Newlines Institute in Washington said the militant group targeted the prison to bolster its numbers.
The Islamic State group “wants to move beyond being the terrorist and criminal network that it has devolved into, and to do that it needs more fighters”, he told AFP.
“Prison breaks represent the best opportunity for ISIS to regain its strength in arms, and Ghwayran prison is a nice fat target for ISIS because it’s overcrowded,” he said, using another acronym for IS.
The Kurdish authorities have long warned that they do not have the capacity to hold, let alone put on trial, the thousands of IS fighters captured in years of operations.
They say more than 50 nationalities are represented in Kurdish-run prisons, where more than 12,000 IS suspects are now held.
Many of the prisoners’ countries of origins have been reluctant to repatriate them, fearing a public backlash at home.
The autonomous administration’s top foreign policy official, Abdulkarim Omar, blamed the prison attack on the “international community’s failure to shoulder its responsibilities”.
The war in Syria, which broke out in 2011, has killed close to half a million people and spurred the largest conflict-induced displacement since the Second World War.
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