• Europe surpasses 75mn coronavirus cases
The Omicron variant has been detected in 38 countries but no deaths have yet been reported, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said yesterday as authorities worldwide rushed to stem the spread of the heavily mutated coronavirus (Covid-19) strain.
The US and Australia became the latest countries to confirm their first locally transmitted cases of the variant, as the number of Omicron infections from a Christmas party in Norway rose to 13.
The WHO has warned that it could take weeks to determine how infectious the variant is, whether it causes more severe illness and how effective current treatments and vaccines are against it.
“We’re going to get the answers that everybody out there needs,” WHO emergencies director Michael Ryan said.
The WHO said yesterday that it had still not seen any reports of deaths related to Omicron, but the new variant’s spread has cast recovery into doubt and led to warnings that it could cause more than half of Europe’s Covid cases in the next few months.
A preliminary study by researchers in South Africa, where the new variant was first reported on November 24, suggests the strain is three times more likely to cause reinfections compared to the Delta or Beta strains.
Doctors said there had been a spike in the number of children under five admitted to hospital since Omicron emerged, but stressed it was too early to know if young children were particularly susceptible.
“The incidence in those under-fives is now second-highest, and second only to the incidence in those over 60,” said Wassila Jassat from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases.
In the US , two cases involved residents with no recent international travel history – showing that Omicron is already circulating inside the country.
“This is a case of community spread,” the Hawaii Health Department confirmed.
US President Joe Biden on Thursday unveiled his plans to battle Covid-19 during the winter, with new testing requirements for travellers and a surge in vaccination efforts.
All incoming travellers will need to test negative within a day of their flights, and rapid tests that currently cost $25 will be covered by insurance and distributed free to the uninsured.
Yesterday Australia reported three students had tested positive for the variant.
The cases, detected in Sydney, come despite a sweeping ban on non-citizens entering the country and restrictions on flights from southern Africa, with multiple countries rushing to limit travel from the region in the last week.
In Norway, officials said at least 13 people who contracted Covid-19 after an office Christmas party in the capital Oslo last week were confirmed as having the Omicron variant.
All of those who have tested positive have so far only had mild symptoms, such as headaches, sore throats and coughs, health official Tine Ravlo told AFP.
Malaysia also reported yesterday a first Omicron infection in a foreign student arriving from South Africa on November 19.
Sri Lanka also announced its first case, a citizen returning from South Africa.
The variant’s detection and spread represent a major challenge to efforts to end the pandemic.
Rising infections of the Delta variant had already forced European governments to reintroduce mandatory mask-wearing, social distancing measures, curfews or lockdowns, leaving businesses fearing another grim Christmas.
Europe crossed 75mn coronavirus cases yesterday, according to a Reuters tally.
The European Union’s public health agency said on Thursday that the Omicron variant could be responsible for more than half of all Covid-19 infections in Europe within a few months.
Even before the discovery of Omicron, Europe was the pandemic’s epicentre, with 66 out of every 100 new infections each day coming from European countries, according to a Reuters analysis.
Eastern Europe has 33% of the total reported cases and about 53% of the total reported deaths in Europe.
It makes up 39% of the region’s population.
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