Bank of England starts policing unruly world of ESG debt
November 24 2021 10:45 PM
Pedestrians pass the Bank of England in the City of London. The BoE will enforce its green criteria
Pedestrians pass the Bank of England in the City of London. The BoE will enforce its green criteria in corporate bond purchases for the first time, establishing a blueprint for investing in a part of the credit world rife with greenwashing.

Bloomberg / London

The Bank of England will enforce its green criteria in corporate bond purchases for the first time, establishing a blueprint for investing in a part of the credit world rife with greenwashing.
Starting yesterday, the London-based central bank will only buy bonds with public environmental, social, and governance goals that meet its standards, and will start scorecards that grade bonds by their issuers’ levels of emissions intensity, among other metrics. It’s a marked shift for the central bank, which already buys ethical assets, but doesn’t filter them based on the firm’s credentials.
The BoE will also publish a list of issuers whose bonds it holds, which, together with the scorecards, are meant to encourage and guide investors to “green their portfolios,” Governor Andrew Bailey said in a statement earlier this month. A spokesperson for the bank declined to comment further.
“This could be some kind of template” for investors, especially as demand from clients on how to make portfolios more environmentally-friendly grows,” said Paola Binns, a senior fund manager at Royal London Asset Management, which oversees £159bn ($212bn).
For investors, the BoE’s screening process and the scorecards alleviates the burden of having to find and sift through information by themselves, a time-consuming and expensive process. That’s because, even though there are $13tn of outstanding corporate bonds, there’s a lack of standardisation in the industry. Rating providers have yet to develop a uniform system to rank securities based on firms’ ESG goals, and whether they’ve met those targets.
The BoE is the first central bank to start scorecards, but it’s following in the footsteps of Sweden’s Riksbank, which this year started taking sustainability into consideration in its corporate bond purchases. The European Central Bank is expected to follow suit in its €307bn ($346bn) – and counting – corporate sector purchase programme next year. It has released a road map of climate change-related actions that includes concrete proposals for alternative benchmarks in the corporate sector purchase programme in 2022.
The ECB has already shown signs of supporting the sustainable transition by adding sustainability-linked bonds to the list of QE-eligible securities at the start of the year. A spokesperson at the ECB declined to comment.
“The positive outcome would be that the ECB directly speaks to the corporate community, tells them ‘this is what we expect from you, this is the level of detail we need to be able to continue buying’,” said Tatjana Greil Castro, a portfolio manager at Muzinich & Co and a member of the European Central Bank’s Bond Market Contact Group. Her employer has been advocating for central banks to take a lead in ESG investment decisions since at least 2019. Central bank action, however, doesn’t absolve investors from having to do their homework on corporates’ ESG credentials. Ultimately, it’s their portfolio, said Ronald van Steenweghen, a portfolio manager at Degroof Petercam Asset Management (DPAM), which oversees €47bn.
He sees the BoE encountering the same struggles that money managers face when trying to gather ESG-related data from companies.
Still, central banks play an important role in a market where best practices are an ever-changing concept, with multiple taxonomies of sustainable investments cropping up, and the International Financial Reporting Standards Foundation only recently creating a sustainability standards board.
“The ESG market, in particular the green bond one, is still young and rules are changing,” said Matteo Merlin, head of green and sustainable finance at Eurizon Asset Management, which oversees €432bn. “Central banks are right to try to steer market in the right direction.”
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