AFP/ Bambilor, Senegal
In a satellite town of Senegal’s capital Dakar, 25kg sacks of onions are piled up on pavements, ignored by passers-by.
The West African country is in the middle of a supply glut, with prices plummeting and heaps of the pungent vegetables left to rot by the roadside.
Farmers are in despair.
“I’m going to give some to the local women,” says farmer Diongue Masseye, 71, gazing despondently at his onions.
He is standing inside a 450sq m (5,000sq foot) warehouse in Bambilor, an onion-producing town about 30km (20 miles) northeast of the capital Dakar, where his unsold produce has started to sprout.
Gloomy farmers – who produce about 450,000 tonnes of onions a year – blame the problem on increased foreign competition and a lack of storage capacity.
However, the government also argues that farmers have overproduced this year, flooding the market with onions and depressing prices.
Masseye said prices had nearly halved.
A 25kg sack of onions fetched the equivalent of about €13 ($15) a few months ago, he said, but are now worth about €7 ($8).
The bulbous vegetable is a lifeline to many in the nation of 16mn people, where it is a key ingredient in the national fish-and-rice dish, thieboudienne, as well as Yassa chicken.
Amadou Abdoul Sy, the director of Senegal’s market regulation agency, said that some 200,000 farmers are employed in the onion sector.
“Everyone is producing at the same time,” he told AFP, explaining the glut.
Senegal’s onion sector has long been plagued by problems.
Almost one-third of the crop is lost every year, Sy said.
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) noted in a 2018 report that the use of low-quality seeds by Senegalese farmers contributes to the problem.
Often, producers also harvest their onions too early to try to get ahead of the competition, leaving the vegetables wet.
This leads to significant losses and makes onions difficult to store, the FAO said.
Consumers are shying away from the damaged goods.
Trader Daouda Mbaye, in a market in a village in western Senegal, demonstrated sacks of poor-quality onions and said buyers were more interested in other vegetables.
However, to the dismay of local farmers, many people will buy imported onions.
The president of Senegal’s onion producers association, Boubacar Sall, said that the government suspended onion imports in January in a bid to help struggling locals.
However, foreign-owned farms in Senegal are still producing onions, he explained.
They are often larger than Senegalese farms and have better storage facilities.
The farmer is calling for laws to protect small producers who fall “prey to unfair competition” from larger ones.
Lack of storage facilities are a chronic problem in Senegal, according to farmers, where a warm climate means vegetables quickly go bad.
Amadou Abdoul Sy, the director of the market regulation agency, said that producers themselves are partly to blame.
He said the government authorities had asked the farmers to sell their goods at different times in order to stop a supply glut.
“They were not listened to,” Sy said.
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