Nepal’s Supreme Court yesterday reinstated its parliament, which was dissolved by caretaker Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli in May, and ordered that his rival Sher Bahadur Deuba be appointed as prime minister. 
The move deals a major blow to Oli, who was unable to muster a majority in the House of Representatives and had sought to force a fresh election by dissolving parliament on May 22.
Oli’s move had sparked a fresh constitutional crisis in the Himalayan nation and it marked his second attempt to dissolve parliament in recent months after an initial attempt in December 2020, following a split in his party, was reversed by the Supreme Court in February. After Nepal’s parliament had been reconstituted, Oli lost a confidence vote on May 10. Before his rivals could stake a claim however, he advised Nepal’s President Bidya Devi Bhandari to dissolve parliament, saying neither he nor opposition leader Deuba were able to muster a majority and form a new government.
The opposition decried the move and vowed to challenge it. On Monday, Supreme Court official Debendra Dhakal said the court had ordered parliament be reconvened within seven days. It also ordered that Sher Bahadur Deuba be appointed as prime minister today. 
“The court has not left any room for political manoeuvring by the outgoing prime minister,” said Bipin Adhikari, a constitutional expert and analyst.
Deuba, 75, a four-times former prime minister who heads the centrist Nepali Congress party, had attempted to form a new government after Oli failed to garner a majority among lawmakers. 
Nearly two dozen rebels from Oli’s Communist Unified Marxist Leninist (UML) party were expected to support Deuba at the time. “The court has saved democracy. Now five political parties will form a coalition government,” Deuba said. Oli was not immediately available for comment but his aide, Rajan Bhattarai, called the court’s move “a wrong political decision, which will have long term implications on the parliamentary democracy in our country”. But he added the court’s decision would be respected. Dozens of Oli’s supporters protested near the parliament building against the decision.
Oli was elected in early 2018 as head of an alliance with the Maoist Centre, a group of former Maoist rebels, promising to end corruption and bring economic development to one of the world’s poorest countries. 
But some allies accused him of undermining colleagues and ignoring party decisions in making policies and key government appointments.

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