Pakistan has approved the import of 300,000 tonnes of wheat to relieve a shortage of flour supplies that has created a crisis for the government of Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Prices of flour and bread shot up last week as the ingredient disappeared from shops and wholesale markets, while bread makers shut in protest at what they called government pressure to sell the staple at controlled prices.
“It is not possible for me to sell bread for Rs8 a piece if I buy flour bags at high prices,” said Sheraz Khan, a shopkeeper in the garrison city of Rawalpindi, next to Islamabad, the capital.
“Gas prices have also shot up multiple times since this new government came into power,” he added estimating that the bill for his gas-powered oven had increased four times.
Pakistan’s energy pricing regulator has proposed yet another hike, which officials say is likely to be approved.
Yesterday’s import decision was made by the Economic Co-ordination Council (ECC), with the first shipment expected to arrive by February 15, the finance ministry said in a statement, adding that it would wave regulatory duties on the grain, which could be shipped in until March 31.
Official sources said that the government decided to approve the proposal for import to save consumers from soaring wheat prices, even though sufficient stocks of the commodity are available.
The move will help maintain minimum stocks of wheat at 200,000 tonnes, as fears of a looming wheat shortage and hoarding inform prices across the country.
The decision was made at a meeting of the ECC, chaired by Adviser to the Prime Minister on Finance Hafeez Sheikh.
It was not yet clear from which country or countries Pakistan will import the wheat.
Central Asian republics, Australia or other countries with surplus wheat production might be approached for the import, the sources said.
A finance ministry official said that private sector buyers could import the wheat from wherever they wanted.
Pakistan exported more than 600,000 metric tonnes of wheat from late 2018 to June 2019, its statistics bureau says.
Although the government banned exports in July last year, 48,000 metric tonnes was still sent overseas until October 2019.
Economic experts say that it made no sense to export the wheat after poor crop yields in the last harvest, and called for an inquiry into the exports despite the ban.
“Someone made billions,” said opposition party leader Khawaja Asif said, adding that he suspected the wheat crises might be the result of a scam.
Rising wheat prices have drawn sharp criticism of Khan’s government, already under tremendous pressure after a key party in his coalition government quit his cabinet, and other allies also raised questions over the government’s performance.
Pakistan is a mostly agricultural country that normally grows enough to meet the needs of its population.
Opposition parties and some economists have called for an inquiry into why Pakistan needs to import wheat when it was exporting the grain until late last year.
Reports said that the crisis began when the Sindh government decided not to procure wheat because various government officials were facing corruption probes over the procurement of wheat.
Meanwhile, Punjab imposed a ban on inter-provincial movement of wheat.
Keeping in view this whole situation, profiteers and hoarders started exploiting the situation and stockpiling wheat.
When contacted, a top official said the federal government could not be held responsible for the crisis because it was the domain of the provinces to procure wheat.
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