Dozens of Hindu monks and tens of thousands of followers, gathered under the banner of groups linked to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party, yesterday urged the government to help build a temple on the ruins of a 16th-century mosque.
Causing a frenzy in a crowd of more than 200,000 people, Hindu religious leaders made a series of fiery speeches laced with religious overtones to demand action paving the way for a temple in Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh.
In 1992 a Hindu mob tore down the centuries-old Babri mosque in Ayodhya, triggering riots that killed about 2,000 people across India in one of the worst outbreaks of communal violence.
After the demolition of the mosque, both Hindu and Muslim groups petitioned the Supreme Court to help resolve the issue.
The top court has sought more time to give its verdict.
The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and their parent movement, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), have asked the government to issue an executive order or ordinance, to build a temple, bypassing the Supreme Court.
The BJP, VHP and RSS have organised a series of religious meets to drum up support for their cause and also to put pressure on the government to issue the ordinance.
Exhorting the crowd to take a vow to build the temple, Hindu monk Avdheshanand Giri ji Maharaj, said: “The government and the Supreme Court must realise that it is a matter of religious sentiment for Hindus who have been waiting to see a grand temple in Ayodhya.”
The dispute remains at the core of tensions between the Hindus and Muslims.
Hindu groups insist that there was a temple at the site before the mosque was built in 1528 by a Muslim ruler.
“I’ve come here to attend the religious congregation as a Hindu woman; not as a politician, as I believe that the issue of Ram temple is linked with the faith of India’s 80% people,” said Meenakashi Lekhi, a lawmaker from the BJP.
Ahead of yesterday’s rally, police stepped up security in the national capital.
Anti-Muslim slogans reverberated on roads leading to the gathering near the old part of the city, where many Muslim families live.
On their way to attend the religious meeting, some youths brandished swords.
In the run-up to a general election due by May 2019, the BJP and other Hindu groups have ratcheted up their demand for a new temple at the disputed site.
Most analysts expect Modi’s BJP to fare worse than it did in the 2014 general election, and critics often accuse the party of using communal issues to whip up support.
For the past three decades, the BJP and Hindu outfits associated with it have resurrected the Ayodhya controversy before elections, stoking tensions between Hindus and Muslims.
Uttar Pradesh has suffered repeated outbreaks of communal violence since Yogi Adityanath became chief minister last year.
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