Argentina is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.
It is the eighth largest country in the world, fourth largest in the Americas and the largest Spanish-speaking nation.
It is subdivided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation.
On July 9, 1816, the Congress of Tucumán formalised the Declaration of Independence, which is now celebrated as Independence Day, a national holiday.
Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third largest in Latin America and is a member of the G-15 and G-20 major economies.
It is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organisation, Mercosur, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organisation of Ibero-American States.
It is the country with the second highest Human Development Index in Latin America with a rating of "very high".
Argentina has many peculiarities that have travelled the world by word of mouth with the people who have visited the country.
The outgoing personality of its people, who are friendly, fun and effusive; the typical cuisine which includes asado, mate, regional dishes, etc; traditional dances like tango; the passion for football, and the craze for major players and clubs, Boca Juniors and River Plate being the most popular ones, and the ones that fill their stadiums and cause proliferating displays of excitement every time they play.
Many natural sites in the country are protected areas, such as reserves and national parks. Moreover, some of the main natural landmarks have been declared World Heritage Sites by Unesco.
The main characteristic of Argentina is diversity, and this is also the case with the weather. The country enjoys a very varied climate: it is mild and humid in the Pampas; cold and damp in the western Patagonia; subtropical in the Mesopotamia region; and warm in the Northeast. The highest points at all latitudes are the coldest areas, with dry, snowy, mountain weather, and a wide temperature range.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent's southeastern coast. Buenos Aires' quality of life is one of the best in Latin America in 2018, and it is the most visited city in South America.
Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination and is known for its preserved Spanish/European-style architecture and rich cultural life. Buenos Aires held the 1st Pan American Games in 1951 as well as hosting two venues in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Buenos Aires will host the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics and 2018 G20 summit.
Courtesy: Wikipedia and www.argentina.travel
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