participants of the 13th Doha Conference on Interfaith Dialogue
discussed at its third session held yesterday the human rights issues
between heavenly laws and international covenants, warning of the
current challenges to the promotion of those rights in the world.
The participants discussed the religious perspective of human rights in times of peace and conflict, the position of heavenly laws and international laws on the siege of states, the protection of civilians from the dangers of military operations and the religious and legal position towards victims of wars and conflicts.
The participants presented successful experiences from Argentina, Portugal, Nepal, and Croatia to integrate religious values into human rights laws, including constitutional legislation derived from the laws of religions.
They noted the responsibility of international law to protect vulnerable religious groups and minorities, to combat religious terrorism and ethnic cleansing in addition to combat discrimination on a religious basis.
Morocco’s Minister of State for Human Rights Mustapha Ramid underlined the approach of human rights in Islam and its relationship to international legitimacy.
He said the prophetic experience in dialogue with the other and the different treaties with him, like the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, and Hilf Al Fudul, make the alliances, covenants, and agreements that support the oppressed are required in Islam regardless of its parties, contexts and the circumstances of their conclusion.
In his speech on behalf of the Moroccan minister, Abdel Wahid al-Atheer, chief of staff at the ministry of state in charge of human rights, referred to convergence between some formulations in the international legitimacy of human rights and Qur’anic verses, especially with regard to the preference of God to human being by knowledge as well as their emphasis on the central principles of freedom, justice and equality.
He pointed out that this basic ethical consensus between Islam and the international legitimacy of human rights does not mean full compatibility in detail, but there are some limited differences that require scrutiny and reservation.
The minister also pointed out that the global balance of power remains a key determinant in adapting the positions of international human rights legislation.
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