Ethiopia said Saturday that a state of emergency will remain in place for six months, as the authorities move to quell ‘chaos and unruliness’.
The council of ministers declared the country's second emergency decree in two years on Friday evening.
It capped a tumultuous week that saw Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resign, a strike in the country's largest region and a massive prisoner amnesty.
‘The state of emergency will be for six months and will be approved by parliament,’ state-run Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation (EBC) wrote on Facebook, quoting Defence Minister Siraj Fegessa.
The government had cited ‘ethnic-based clashes’ and ‘chaos and unruliness’ as the reasons for the declaration.
‘To be able to protect the constitutional system, declaring a state of emergency has become necessary’, EBC said, quoting a government communique.
While the decree is already in effect, parliamentary approval for the requested six-month period appears likely as the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and its allies control all the seats in the House of Peoples' Representatives.
Ethiopia last declared a state of emergency in October 2016 after months of protests in Oromia -- home to the country's largest ethnicity, the Oromos -- and neighbouring Amhara region.
The 10-month decree succeeded in quelling the unrest, which killed hundreds and resulted in tens of thousands of arrests, despite criticism from rights groups.
But anti-government sentiment remained in the two regions and the analysts believe Hailemariam's response to the protests eventually led to his surprise resignation, a first in modern Ethiopia.
The prime minister said he was leaving to give the EPRDF space as it pursued political reforms.
‘I myself want to become part of the solution,’ he said in announcing his resignation Thursday.
Last month, Hailemariam announced Ethiopia would release some jailed ‘politicians’ in order to ‘improve the national consensus and widen the democratic platform’.
In the weeks since, hundreds of prisoners were pardoned or released from custody, including some of the country's most prominent dissidents.
Nonetheless, Oromo activists called a strike earlier this week that saw businesses shutter and young men armed with rocks and sticks block roads in Oromia to push the government to keep its prisoner amnesty promise.
The strike was called off after detained Oromo politicians were freed along with hundreds of other prisoners including journalist Eskinder Nega and opposition leader Andualem Arage.
The next day, Hailemariam announced his resignation.
He will remain in office until parliament and the EPRDF coalition confirm his resignation. It remains unclear who will then take over.
Ethiopia declares state of emergency after PM's resignation
* Govt declares state of emergency; gives no details
* Move follows PM's resignation after political pressure
* Opposition say they must have a say in reforms
Ethiopia announced a state of emergency on Friday, a day after the prime minister resigned, as pressure mounted on the country's ruling coalition.
The coalition decided emergency rule was ‘vital to safeguarding the constitutional order’, state-run Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation said. The announcement gave no further details.
The defence minister was expected to hold a news conference on Saturday morning giving further details, but it was delayed.
Ethiopia only fully lifted its last state of emergency in August following months of curfews, restrictions on movement and the detention of 29,000 people.
Those measures followed two years of anti-government protests in which security forces killed hundreds of people in Amhara and Oromiya, the nation's two most populous provinces.
The imposition of a new state of emergency may indicate that Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn's resignation on Thursday was the result of tensions among the four parties in the ruling coalition.
The coalition has been in power since 1991 and controls all 547 seats in parliament. But cracks have appeared since the outbreak of unrest, with some senior officials resigning and others being sidelined.
The two largest ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa country, the Oromo and Amharic, complain they are under-represented in the country's corridors of power.
Mulatu Gemechu, deputy secretary of the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress, said on Friday Ethiopia needed a completely new political system. The Congress is one of seven parties that make up the biggest opposition coalition, MEDREK.
‘Ethiopians now need a government that respects their rights, not one that keeps beating and killing them,’ he told Reuters.
Mulatu's views are echoed in the Oromo heartlands that surround the capital Addis Ababa. It was there that protests against an urban development plan in 2015 sparked larger demonstrations demanding more freedom and civil rights.
‘Oromos should not be jailed for exercising their rights,’ said Dinkissa, a university student in Ambo, a town in the region.
‘Oromos have been always mistreated. His (the prime minister's) resignation will not mean anything unless our rights are respected. Whoever comes to power should know that. Otherwise, we will not stop protesting.’
Rights advocates have frequently criticised Ethiopia's government for mass arrests and long jail terms handed to political opponents and journalists.
But more than 6,000 prisoners have been freed since January as the government struggles to calm discontent. Most were detained during the mass protests; some were charged with terrorism offences.
As well as tensions in its Oromo and Amharic regions, the government has grappled with several armed groups in the past decade.
Among them is the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), which has fought the government since 1994 and draws support from some of the country's ethnic Somali population. Somalia and Ethiopia share a long and porous border.
This week the ONLF and Ethiopian authorities held private talks in Nairobi, an observer present at the discussions told Reuters on condition of anonymity.
A tentative accord was reached on a ceasefire, prisoner releases, boundaries between the Somali and Oromiya regions of Ethiopia, and economic development, the observer said.
But a final deal was not signed because the ONLF wanted a signatory from Ethiopia’s central government, rather than the leader of the Somali region who represented the government at the talks.