Fantasy romance The Shape of Water topped the Oscars nominations list on Tuesday with 13 nods, as the Academy also gave a rare nomination to a woman in the directing category.
Guillermo del Toro's Cold War-set fairy tale scored nods for best picture, best director, best actress for its star Sally Hawkins, and supporting acting nominations for Richard Jenkins and Octavia Spencer.
It was also nominated for best original screenplay, with the rest of its nods coming in technical categories.
The haul fell one short of the record for most nominations ever, held jointly by La La Land, Titanic
and All About Eve.
"This nomination is for every one of us who brought our hearts to this film," Hawkins said in a statement retweeted by the movie's official Twitter account.
"I'm here because of the greatness of others. I stand on the shoulders of giants."
In second place was tense World War II movie Dunkirk,
with eight nods, while crime drama Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri,
generally thought to be the favourite in the best picture category, picked up seven nominations.
The 90th Academy Awards -- the climax of Hollywood's awards season, to be hosted by late night funnyman Jimmy Kimmel -- will be held on March 4.
Women filmmakers recognised
In a departure from previous years, there are very few clear frontrunners, making the major categories a genuine sprint to the finish line rather than the perfunctory coronation sometimes inflicted on viewers.
The announcements were seen as an opportunity for the industry to support female filmmaking, with the #MeToo and Time's Up campaigns against sexual misconduct and gender inequality a mainstay of the 2018 awards circuit.
Female filmmakers were snubbed at the Golden Globes, but the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences will be seen as having righted that wrong to some degree, with its nod for Greta Gerwig, the director of Lady Bird.
Before Tuesday, just four women had been nominated for best director since 1927.
On Tuesday, there was also the first nod for a female cinematographer, Rachel Morrison, who shot Dee Rees's racial drama Mudbound.
Streep, Day-Lewis in the hunt
The Shape of Water
will vie for best picture honours with eight other films, including Dunkirk, Three Billboards
, coming-of-age movies Call Me By Your Name
and Lady Bird
and Winston Churchill saga Darkest Hour
Others in the coveted top category are dark satire Get Out,
Daniel Day-Lewis's apparent final film Phantom Thread
-- he has announced his retirement -- and Pentagon Papers thriller The Post.
-- buoyed by strong showings at the Golden Globes and Screen Actors Guild Awards -- goes into the final weeks of Oscars campaigning in pole position, according to the Gold Derby awards prediction website.
For best actor, Day-Lewis will battle for a golden statuette with Timothee Chalamet (Call Me by Your Name
), Daniel Kaluuya (Get Out
), Gary Oldman (Darkest Hour
) and Denzel Washington (Roman J. Israel, Esq.
In the best actress category, Hawkins has competition from Frances McDormand (Three Billboards
), Margot Robbie (I, Tonya
), Saoirse Ronan (Lady Bird
) and Meryl Streep (The Post
Best supporting actor pits Jenkins against Christopher Plummer, a last-minute stand-in for Kevin Spacey, who was dropped from All the Money in the World
after being accused of numerous cases of sexual misconduct.
The other nominees were Willem Dafoe (The Florida Project
), Woody Harrelson and Sam Rockwell (both Three Billboards
The foreign films nominated are A Fantastic Woman
(Chile), The Insult
(Russia), On Body and Soul
(Hungary) and The Square
In the best director category, Gerwig and Del Toro take on Christopher Nolan (Dunkirk
), Jordan Peele (Get Out
) and Paul Thomas Anderson (Phantom Thread