West African leaders have made their first comments after two months of increasingly bloody violence in Togo, calling on the presidency and the opposition to sit down to talks.
France also called for an "immediate dialogue" between the two sides in its former colony, saying it was concerned by reports of civilian militia working alongside security forces.
At least 16 people have been killed and scores more injured in anti-government protests that have seen hundreds of thousands of people take to the streets across the country.
Three new marches have been announced for November 7, 8 and 9, despite a government ban on weekday protests and recent clashes between gangs of youths, police and soldiers.
Ivory Coast's president Alassane Ouattara said he and his counterparts from Nigeria, Niger and Ghana had met Togo's President Faure Gnassingbe to discuss the issue on Tuesday.
"We believe negotiations are needed... and that these negotiations must lead to constitutional modifications already embarked upon," he told reporters in Niamey on Tuesday at a meeting of the West African bloc ECOWAS.
A coalition of 14 opposition parties wants Gnassingbe to step down and a limit of two, five-year terms introduced for presidents.
They also want a two-round election process rather than the current single round.
Gnassingbe has won three elections since taking power in 2005 after the death of his father, General Gnassingbe Eyadema, who ruled Togo for nearly 50 years.
Last week in Lome and the second city of Sokode, violence flared as police and soldiers tried to prevent opposition supporters from protesting.
According to an AFP count, two teenagers and two soldiers who were lynched by angry crowds are among the 16 deaths since late August. More than 200 others have been injured.
On Tuesday, the United States said it was "deeply concerned about rising levels of violence and restrictions on freedom of expression and assembly in Togo".
"We are particularly troubled by reports of excessive use of force by security forces and reports that government-sponsored vigilantes are using force and the threat of force to disrupt protests and intimidate civilians," said State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert.
"Dialogue without preconditions" was "the only solution to the current impasse", she added.
Faced with rising unrest, Togo's government has proposed reforms in a referendum.
But the opposition is unhappy that the limit on presidential terms would not be retroactive, allowing Gnassingbe to stand in 2020 and again in 2025.
'Climate of peace'
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