Gun shots rang out across northern Rakhine State yesterday afternoon as clashes continued between suspected Rohingya militants and Myanmar security forces, officials said, a day after fighting killed 89 people and forced civilians to flee remote villages.
The state has become a crucible of religious hatred focused on the stateless Rohingya Muslim minority, who are reviled and perceived as illegal immigrants in Buddhist-majority Myanmar.
Hundreds of men from the persecuted Muslim group appear to have organised under the banner of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), which claims to be leading the insurgency that has scorched the area since October last year.
Three village officials were killed overnight near the town of Maungdaw, according to the office of State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi — Myanmar’s de facto leader.
Hours later residents in Maungdaw, which is close to the Bangladesh border, ran for safety as a local administration office came under attack by militants.
“Our situation is urgent,” Myint Kyaing, a Maungdaw administrative officer said yesterday afternoon before hanging up the phone.
Ethnic Rakhine Buddhists armed themselves with knives and sticks as tension soared in a town that has repeatedly been the epicentre of religious violence since 2012.
As panic spread, scores of Hindu villagers fled from surrounding villages to Maungdaw after rumours they were also a target for the militants.
“There is no security in the villages,” Buthon, a Hindu man in Maungdaw said.
Other villagers sought shelter in monasteries.
Friday’s clashes left 12 security officials and 77 militants dead according to Suu Kyi’s office — the highest declared single day toll since fighting broke out last year.
Hundreds of militants ambushed police posts in the early hours of Friday, some carrying guns and using homemade explosives, Myanmar’s military said.
The focal point of Friday’s unrest was Rathedaung township.
The area has seen a heavy build-up of Myanmar troops in recent weeks, with reports filtering out of killings by shadowy groups, army-blockaded villages and abuses.
The government has declared the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) a terrorist organisation. Myanmar says the group is headed by Rohingya jihadists who were trained abroad but it is unclear how large the network is.
The UN believes the military crackdown may have amounted to ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya.
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