South Korea and the United States yesterday agreed to push through with the deployment of a US missile defence system strongly opposed by China, the prime minister said.
Hwang Kyo-ahn and US Defence Secretary James Mattis confirmed that the two allies will go ahead with the installation of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) system in the South this year as planned, the prime minister’s office said.
Mattis arrived yesterday in South Korea on the first leg of a trip that also includes Japan, two key allies rattled by US President Donald Trump’s ascent to power. It is the first overseas tour by a senior official in Trump’s administration as concerns rise about the direction of American policy in the region under the protectionist and fiery leader.
On the campaign trail, Trump threatened to withdraw US forces from the two countries if they do not step up their financial support. Some 28,500 US troops are based in South Korea and 47,000 in Japan.
The rhetoric has raised concerns in both Seoul and Tokyo, and in a statement this week South Korea’s defence ministry said it hoped Mattis’ trip would be “an opportunity for the Trump administration to maintain and strengthen US commitment” to their alliance.
“President Trump ... wanted me to make a very clear statement about the priority that we place on this alliance between our two allies,” Mattis said at the start of his talks with Hwang, who serves as the South’s acting leader following the impeachment of President Park Geun-hye in December over corruption charges.
The two allies last year announced plans to deploy the THAAD system following a series of North Korean atomic and missile tests, infuriating China which fears it will undermine its own ballistic capabilities.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un boasted last month that the country was in the “final stages” of developing an intercontinental ballistic missile.
But it remains unclear whether the missile shield system would actually be deployed in South Korea after the country’s leading presidential candidate and opposition member Moon Jae-In argued the decision should be left to the next government.
South Korea may hold elections in a matter of months if the Constitutional Court signs off on Park’s impeachment. Should it reject the impeachment and restore her to presidency, the election would take place in December.
The prime minister said the fact that South Korea was the first country for an overseas visit by Mattis underscored the “importance” Washington put in the alliance between the two countries.
Mattis is due to hold talks with Defence Minister Han Min-koo today, before heading to Japan.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe — who is scheduled to meet Trump next week in Washington — told lawmakers he intends to press Mattis about “the significance of the Japan-US alliance”.
Mattis’ Asia tour comes as relations between the US and other world powers such as Mexico and Australia get off to a rocky start.
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