The rupee’s slide towards a record low, amid $2.8bn in outflows from Indian stocks and bonds, is prompting speculation the central bank will step up intervention to stem losses.
The rupee closed at 68.57 a dollar yesterday, a level last seen on February 26, down 0.45% from its previous close of 68.26. With a Federal Reserve interest-rate increase next month all but a certainty for bond traders, the rupee has slumped 2.6% in November, the most in 15 months.
At 68.5650 per dollar, the currency is within 0.4% of the unprecedented 68.845 reached in 2013. The Reserve Bank of India has probably sold dollars via state-run banks on at least four occasions in less than a fortnight, according to information from traders who asked not to be named.
“The RBI has been supplying dollars almost on a daily basis,” said Rohan Lasrado, Mumbai-based head of foreign-exchange trading at RBL Bank. “We are seeing outflows from the equity and debt markets, that is putting pressure on the rupee, along with the dollar strength. I strongly feel they will continue intervening.”
India’s central bank has maintained that it doesn’t target a specific rupee level and intervenes only to curb undue volatility in the currency market. The RBI’s increased presence comes as the government’s clampdown on unaccounted wealth floods the nation’s banking system with cash, while foreign investors withdraw money from local stocks and bonds. An e-mail sent to RBI spokeswoman Alpana Killawala didn’t get a response.
Overseas holdings of Indian government and corporate bonds have plunged by Rs77.2bn ($1.1bn) in November, set for the biggest decline since February, National Securities Depository data compiled by Bloomberg show. Global funds have withdrawn a net $1.7bn from local shares this month.
The rupee’s previous record low in August 2013 came after the Fed’s signal to end its unprecedented bond purchases spurred an exodus from emerging markets like India.
Its slide this year has tripped fewer alarms as Asia’s third-largest economy has since been overhauled, with policy makers succeeding in narrowing the current-account deficit, slowing inflation and building a war chest of foreign-exchange reserves.
The Indian currency’s 2.6% November decline compares with a 5.6% loss for Malaysia’s ringgit, the worst in Asia, and a 3.2% drop in Indonesia’s rupiah. Taiwan’s dollar has fallen 1%, the least in the region, while China’s yuan has weakened 1.8%.
Odds for a rate increase at the US central bank’s December 13-14 meeting have reached 100%, according to Bloomberg calculations based on futures.
“The RBI’s efforts seem to be relatively successful given that the rupee is still the median performer in Asia,” said Julian Wee, a senior market strategist at National Australia Bank, the second-best rupee forecaster in Bloomberg’s latest quarterly rankings. “The RBI will probably intervene as needed to keep the rupee in line with the regional moves. We feel India’s strong growth prospects, smaller fiscal and current-account deficits, and the rupee’s high carry will make it a relative outperformer in Asia.”
India boasts of the fastest expansion among the world’s major economies. The nation’s current-account deficit was $0.3bn for the April-June quarter, compared with $21.8bn in the same period in 2013. Foreign-exchange reserves surged to a record $372bn at the end of September.
The hoard has fallen to about $367bn as of November 11, another sign for some investors that the central bank is supporting the rupee.
The Indian currency weakened 0.5% yesterday, falling for the eighth time in nine days.
“The rupee fall is not particularly worrisome considering that this month most currencies have weakened against the US dollar,” said Anders Faergemann, a London-based senior sovereign portfolio manager at PineBridge Investments, which oversees about $83bn. “We believe that India’s underlying fundamentals remain strong and would not anticipate any significant weakening of the rupee at this juncture.”
India’s benchmark 10-year sovereign bond yield has tumbled 51 basis points this month, on course for the biggest drop since May 2010, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s move to withdraw 86% of currency in circulation has the public rushing to banks to exchange bills.
Lenders will use that money to buy bonds, according to UBS Asset Management and PNB Gilts, with the latter saying the move also opens room for more interest-rate cuts by curbing inflation.
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