Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke yesterday about the importance of free speech as Berlin weighs a Turkish request to prosecute a German TV satirist who crudely insulted President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Merkel said that her government considers the case entirely separate from other political issues, including an EU-Turkey pact meant to end the mass influx of migrants to Europe.
She emphasised that Germany’s constitution guarantees “freedom of expression, academia and of course the arts”, adding that “these values apply regardless of all the political problems that we discuss with each other. And that includes the issue of refugees”.
Erdogan’s government has issued a formal protest against TV comedian Jan Boehmermann and demanded that he be prosecuted for reciting a so-called “Defamatory Poem” audaciously accusing the Turkish president of paedophilia and bestiality.
The case comes at an awkward time as Europe, and Germany in particular, are relying on Ankara to implement a pact to curb the flow of migrants taking boats headed for the European Union from Turkey’s shores.
Merkel – who has labelled the poem “deliberately insulting” – said that Turkey’s request was being “very carefully” examined by the relevant government offices, including her chancellery, with a decision expected in the coming days.
She also said that finding a solution on the refugee issue was in the interest of both Turkey and the EU, including Germany.
“But all this is completely independent of fundamental rights in Germany, and therefore also of Article Five – the freedom of the press, opinion and academia, and completely disconnected from this,” Merkel stressed.
German prosecutors last week opened a preliminary probe against Boehmermann, 35, who “insulted” Erdogan while gleefully admitting that he was flouting Germany’s legal limits on free speech.
The comedian was reacting to Ankara’s decision to summon Germany’s ambassador in protest last month over a previous satirical song broadcast on German TV which lampooned Erdogan in far tamer language.
Several German viewers complained, but Turkey’s request to punish the satirist gave the affair a far broader diplomatic dimension and exposed Merkel to criticism she was kowtowing to Erdogan.
Boehmermann has meanwhile been placed under police protection as a precautionary measure, police confirmed to AFP yesterday.
He has also cancelled this week’s edition of his show on ZDF public television, the station has said.
Any prosecution of the comedian would be launched under the rarely enforced section 103 of Germany’s criminal code – insulting organs or representatives of foreign states – which carries up to three years in prison.
A leader of Turkey’s pro-Kurdish Democratic Peoples’ Party (HDP), Selahattin Demirtas, during a Berlin visit said he worried that Germany had been silent on “important issues concerning freedom of the press in Turkey”.
He also said “it would be a big mistake to think that you have to avoid angering Erdogan ... in order to solve the refugee problem”.
Demirtas said he wondered whether Merkel would speak on rights issues during an upcoming Turkey visit announced by Ankara but not confirmed by Berlin.
“I am anxious to see whether she will be able to say something about it, about torture, about civilian deaths in Turkey, about the destruction in Kurdish cities,” he said.
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