Scholars from around the world are exploring the role of light in Islamic art and culture during the Fifth Biennial Hamad bin Khalifa Symposium on Islamic Art, which started yesterday in Palermo, Italy.
Widely considered the pre-eminent conference regarding Islamic art and culture, the three-day symposium titled: “God is the Light of the Heavens and the Earth,” features 13 speakers, all leading scholars in Islamic art and architecture, from around the world whose papers will address the role of light in Islamic art and culture from a wide range of perspectives, from the metaphoric imagery of light in the Qur’an and in the literatures of the Islamic lands to the practical role of light in buildings, paintings, performances, photography, and other works of art produced over the past fourteen centuries.  
The Qur’an is rich in references to light, and light consequently permeates the culture and visual arts of the Islamic lands, one of the most famous passages in the Qur’an, the Light Verse (24:35) majestically extols God as the Light of the Heavens and the Earth, a metaphor for His guidance and illumination over all creation.  
The keynote address, “Contemporary Islamic Art,” will be delivered by the acclaimed contemporary artist Shirin Neshat, an Iranian born artist/filmmaker living in New York.  
She has held numerous solo exhibitions at galleries and museums internationally, and is represented by Gladstone Gallery in New York.  
She won the International Award of the LXVIII Venice Biennale in 1999 for two films, Turbulent and Rapture.
In 2006, she was awarded the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize and in 2009 Neshat won the Silver Lion for best director at the 66th Venice Film Festival for Women without Men.  
She is currently working on her second feature film on the Egyptian singer Oum Kolthum, which is expected to be released in 2015.
The Hamad Bin Khalifa Symposium on Islamic Art is organised by Sheila S Blair and Jonathan M Bloom who have shared the Hamad Bin Khalifa Endowed Chair of Islamic Art at Virginia Commonwealth University since its establishment in 2006.
The symposium is sponsored by Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts, Qatar Foundation, Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar (VCUQatar), Hamad bin Khalifa University and the University of Palermo.
The 12 papers to be presented during the symposium encompass all media of Islamic art as it unfolded over the centuries from its beginnings in 7th-century Arabia to the age of Empires.
The speakers include William Graham, Light as Image and Concept in the Qur’an, Hadith and other Sources; Elaheh Kheirandish, Light and Dark: The ‘Checkered History’ of Early Optics; Robert Hillenbrand, The Uses of Light in Islamic Architecture; Renata Holod, On Interiors and the Regimes of Lighting; Anna Cotadini, Facets of Light: The Case of Rock Crystals; Oliver Watson, Ceramics and Light; Wheeler Thackston, Light in Persian Poetry; Barbara Brend, The Management of Light in Persian Painting; Abdallah Kahil, Illuminating the Void, Reflecting the Universe: Spatial Design and Light Furnishing in Mamluk Architecture; Hakan Karateke, Illuminating Ottoman Ceremonial; Susan Stronge, By the Light of the Sun of Jahangir; Ali Behdad, Contact Vision: Reflections on the History of Photography in Qajar Iran.
Twenty fellows have also been selected for the Hamad Bin Khalifa Travel Fellowships out of more than 200 applications.
They will be invited to attend special events and will be awarded a Hamad Bin Khalifa Fellowship certificate.

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