Anyone who missed the dazzling auroras dancing across night skies earlier this weekend will get another chance, as the powerful geomagnetic storm hitting the Earth is expected to intensify yet again.

"Several intense Coronal Mass Ejections are still anticipated to reach the Earth's outer atmosphere by later today," the US National Weather Service said yesterday.

Those ejections – expulsions of plasma and magnetic fields from the Sun, known as CMEs – have since Friday produced spectacular celestial shows across swaths of the Earth, far from the extreme latitudes where the auroras are normally seen.

However, while many viewers have been disappointed – at times because of overcast skies – the latest prediction suggests their third time might just prove lucky.

The latest CMEs are expected to reach Earth late yesterday or early today, "causing severe or extreme geomagnetic storms once again and (offering) a very good chance to see magnificent aurorae much further south than normal", said Keith Ryden, who heads the Surrey Space Centre in England.

Or, as one self-described "lighthunter" suggested on social media platform X, "keep ... coffee thermoses filled to the brim and fingers crossed!"

However, scientists said the intensity of anything still to be seen might not reach the level of Friday's show.

"This is likely the last of the Earth-directed CMEs from this particular monster sunspot," Mathew Owens, a professor of space physics at the University of Reading, in England, told AFP.

Still, overall, he added, "the intensity of it has taken all of us by surprise”.

The first of several CMEs came just after 1600 GMT on Friday, according to the US-based National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Space Weather Prediction Centre (SWPC).

It was later upgraded to an "extreme" geomagnetic storm – the first since the "Halloween Storms" of October 2003 that caused blackouts in Sweden and damaged power infrastructure in South Africa.

Late on Saturday evening, pictures again trickled onto social media as people in the United States reported sightings, though not as strong as Friday night's.

Friday's storm was listed as hitting level five geomagnetic (G5) conditions – the highest on the scale.

Saturday saw G3 to G5 conditions, with G4 or higher conditions predicted yesterday and G3 conditions possible into today.

No major disruptions to power or communications networks appear to have been reported this time around.

However, China's National Centre for Space Weather issued a "red alert" on Saturday, warning that communications and navigation could be affected in much of the country, state news agency Xinhua reported.

Excitement over the phenomenon – and otherworldly photos of pink, green and purple night skies – popped up across the world, from Mont Saint-Michel on the French coast to Australia's island state of Tasmania.

Unlike solar flares, which travel at the speed of light and reach Earth in around eight minutes, CMEs travel at a more sedate pace, with officials putting the current average at 800km (500 miles) per second.

People with eclipse glasses can look for the sunspot cluster during the day.

The NOAA's Brent Gordon encouraged the public to try to capture the night sky with phone cameras even if they couldn't see auroras with their naked eyes.

"You'd be amazed at what you see in that picture," he said.

Fluctuating magnetic fields associated with geomagnetic storms induce currents in long wires, including power lines, which can lead to blackouts. Long pipelines can also become electrified.

Spacecraft are at risk from high doses of radiation, although the atmosphere prevents this from reaching Earth.

The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) can ask astronauts on the International Space Station to move to better-shielded places within the outpost.

Even pigeons and other species that have internal biological compasses can be affected.