The momentum behind wagers on rising oil prices picked up steam as US drilling slows and producers face potential credit line cuts.
Money managers’ long position in West Texas Intermediate crude climbed by 6.1% in the week ended September 22, the most since January, according to data from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. The jump in longs and a decline in shorts boosted their net-long position by 15%.
US crude output is down 470,000 barrels a day from a four-decade high of 9.61mn in June, data from the Energy Information Administration show. Explorers idled US oil rigs for a fourth week, Baker Hughes said September 25.
The latest round of credit line reevaluations is under way, and almost 80% of oil and natural gas producers will see a cut in the maximum amount they can borrow, according to a survey by the law firm Haynes & Boone.
“It’s been a game of musical chairs with a lot of speculators trying to get in before prices go higher,” John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital, a New York-based hedge fund, said by phone. “The significant cutbacks that have been announced and the drop in lending has led to a sense that a further supply response is looming.”WTI increased 2.8% in the report week to $45.83 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It dropped 89 cents to $44.81 yesterday.
US crude output is expected to decline through the middle of next year because of low prices, EIA Administrator Adam Sieminski said on September 9. The agency sees output dropping a further 400,000 barrels a day next year.
Explorers and producers are expected to slash spending 35% this year in North America, J David Anderson, an analyst at Barclays, wrote earlier this month in a note to investors. The cuts come as the Haynes & Boone survey estimates credit lines will be cut by an average of 39%.
The net-long positions in WTI advanced by 21,714 contracts to 169,392 futures and options, the highest since the period ended July 7, CFTC data show. It was the fifth consecutive increase, the longest stretch since March 2014.
In other markets for the week, net bullish bets on Nymex gasoline increased 0.3% to 16,612. Futures climbed 6.3% in the period covered by the CFTC report to $1.4164 a gallon. Net bearish wagers on US ultra-low sulfur diesel fell by 8 contracts to 28,049. Diesel futures rose 2.1% to $1.532 a gallon.
Crude price gains have been minimal and remain fragile because “there’s just too much physical supply,” Tim Evans, an energy analyst at Citi Futures Perspective in New York, said by phone. Members of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries have increased production since Saudi Arabia led the group to focus on gaining market share from US shale producers rather than supporting prices.
Iran made progress last week in implementing an accord that will lift sanctions on its exports, threatening to add more oil to the market.
“Opec’s decision to protect market share is continuing to overwhelm all else,” Evans said. “US production may be falling but high Opec output is outpacing that. Oversupply may get worse as Iran looks increasingly likely to see sanctions lifted.”
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