The 11 men will instead face life in jail for causing the fire that killed 59 Hindu passengers and set off some of the worst religious violence to hit India since independence.
Critics say that extremists emboldened by the current Hindu nationalist government's tough stance on cow slaughter are using beef as a pretext to target the community.
Muslim religious leaders in Jerusalem told worshippers on Thursday that they can once again enter the Al-Aqsa mosque compound.
Muslims boycotted a Jerusalem holy site for the third day running on Tuesday after Israeli authorities installed metal detectors and cameras at entrances to the sensitive compound following an attack that killed two policemen.
The European Court of Human Rights on Tuesday upheld a Belgian ban on wearing the full-face niqab veil in public.
India's top court on Tuesday stayed a nationwide ban imposed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government on the sale of cattle for slaughter that had provoked outcry in many states.
Indian police have arrested 15 Muslims and filed sedition charges against them for allegedly celebrating Pakistan's victory against India in cricket's Champions Trophy final.
A majority of young Arabs see Donald Trump's election as the factor most influencing their region in the next five years, a survey showed, and they expressed concern that the US president was anti-Muslim.