Thousands of people began marching in Barcelona on Sunday to protest the jailing of nine Catalan separatist leaders facing trial on "rebellion" charges.
Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont on Monday vowed to form a new government despite "threats" from the central government in Madrid, after a Spanish judge refused to re-issue a European warrant for his arrest.
A Belgian judge made no ruling on Friday on a European arrest warrant issued by Spain for ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, his lawyer said after a court hearing in Brussels.
Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont called on Saturday for a united political front in the Dec. 21 election to continue the drive for independence from Spain and to protest against the imprisonment of former members of the regional government.
A lawyer for dismissed Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, who is due to appear in a Spanish court this week to answer charges relating to Catalonia's push for independence, said he was not expected to return to Spain soon.
Granting Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont political asylum in Belgium would be "not unrealistic" if he asks for it, the Belgian migration minister said, underlining his country's position as a contrarian voice in the Spanish standoff.
Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont kept friends and foes guessing on whether he intends to unilaterally declare independence as the Spanish government prepares to impose direct rule to stop the region breaking away.
Allies of Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont urged him on Saturday to push ahead with his secession bid as a deadline set by Madrid for a final decision on independence approaches.
Catalan president Carles Puigdemont arrived at the regional parliament in Barcelona under the glare of cameras from around the world, ready to address lawmakers.